Saturday, December 06, 2008
This Day in the History of Conquest by the World's Greatest Band of Warriors
Labels: Mongol Invasion of Europe
We are talking about the army that staged the only succcessful winter invasion of Russian.they were an army of cavalry by and large and I suggest that the failure of the Mongols to invest eastern Europe was more the result of forested terrain and internal politics of succession.
1) The invasion took about three years, so call it a "winter invasion" is perhaps a stretch.
2) The kingdoms that they assimilated included Kiev and Novgorod, both of which were Swedish. So, perhaps "second successful invasion of Russia."
3) "Hordes" not "hoards", and generally the Mongol armies were actually smaller than their opponents. (Though that's not what those opponents believed.)
4) The Mongols were doing pretty well in the forested hills of eastern Europe when the recall message came in. It's an interesting question what might have happened had the Mongols reached Germany, France, and Italy in numbers, but previous battles don't suggest that they were having huge problems with the terrain.